When talking about grapes, they are actually some of the most popular multi-purpose fruit used for jams, baked food, eating fresh off the vine and even making wine. Additionally, if pruned carefully they occupy very little space. Grapes can be trained over arches or on the trellis, up walls and any other form of support. Research indicates that grapevines have the ability to grow in any good garden provided there are good soil and importantly sufficient sunlight. Vines need relatively deep and free-draining soil and significantly plenty of sunlight for ripening. In other places such as the northern regions where indoor cultivation of grapes is practiced, a better and more reliable crop is produced. In the following discussion, we are going to look at how to grow grapes.
Preparing the planting of grape vines
a). Choose the grape type
Like any other plant, different grapes do better in some places than the others. Importantly, there are normally three basic types of grapes: the Muscadine, American and European grapes. Different grapes have different appearances and flavors and grow well in some places than others. For example, the Muscadine grapes do well in the southern parts of the United States, European grapes grow well in the northern parts of US while American grapes do well in sunny places like California. Having said that, it’s crystal-clear that the type of grape you are growing greatly depends on the species you have. Select the most suitable plant that loos strong and healthy and importantly it should be about one year old.
b). Prepare the suitable grapevine cuttings
In any way you want to plant grape vines a friend or other person who has grown, appropriate grapevine cutting is one significant element to consider. It’s always a recommendation to use your individual cutting. The cutting should about three nodes long and importantly it ought to be done directly from the vine or sections of brush that had been pruned off in the recent past. Crucially, ensure that the bottom of the cutting is done at an angle. It should be about 45 degrees and a quarter to one inch above the node.
c). Select appropriate location
When talking about existence, grapevine is long term plants that can live up 50 or even 100 years. Therefore, it’s always important to choose a suitable permanent place where the plant can dwell in all those years and importantly provide room future grapevines. Grapevines are known to do well in hilly and sloppy areas where they can access plenty of sunlight and a good drainage system. It’s always a recommendation that you plant your grapes in a south-facing hill where large plants and other trees do not exist.
d). Prepare the soils
Grapevines are very picky when it comes to the type of soil where you want to grow them. Good soil means quality and good grapes and vice versa. Always use soil that is sandy or rocky, soils with a PH above and importantly has an excellent drainage. Avoid water-logged soil since it’s not conducive to growing healthy grapes. If possible avoid heavily fertilized soil.
e) .Prepare trellis for your grapevines
As the name suggests, grapevines are basically vines that grow sideways, upwards of any direction along a support structure. If in any way you are planting your grapes on an open area, then buying the trellis for them is one major thing to consider. A trellis is basically a wooden structural component with intertwined boards which enable the vines to wrap around them providing sturdy and enough support.
Planting your grapevines
I). Plant the grapevines
As earlier mentioned, there are usually different species of grapes. With regard to the species, you have grown grapes will always be different from each other. For example when planting the European and American grapes ensure they are 1.8- 3.0m (6-10 feet) apart. On the other hand, Muscadine requires that they be about 4.9m apart when grown. Additionally, Muscadine requires relatively more space than the other species. When planting ensure you firmly press the soil around the planted grapevine cutting.
II). Provide your plants with good water
Water plays a very significant role when it comes to the growing of grapes. Research indicates that grapevines do not prefer heavy rain or water. Therefore, it’s always important to ensure that when watering keep the water as minimum as possible. Furthermore, make sure you keep water near the roots so that much of it can be absorbed. If your farming area doesn’t receive sufficient rain, establish a drip system the roots of the grape fines so that they can receive small amounts of water on a regular basis.
III). Prune your grapes
On the first year of growing, grapevines should not be allowed to produce fully matured fruits. This is basically because they can destroy the young growing vines with their heavyweight. Therefore, cut all the vines as well as fruits except for the strong lines which branch of the cane. For the coming years, ensure you carry out the required pruning as by the recommended local practice.
IV). Apply the required pest control
Some of the major pest control practices that you can employ on your grapes include: covering your grapes to keep off the birds, frequently practice hand-weeding to eliminate all the growing weeds and important seek information from your local gardening club on how to prevent Vine Moth.
V). Harvest your Grapes when the right time comes
Grapes normally take pretty long years before you can start harvesting. Do not expect to harvest anywhere from 1 to 3 years after planting. One major way of knowing it’s ready for harvesting is hand-picking and tasting it. If the grapes have a sweet taste then they are ready for harvesting, get ready for harvesting and selling or eating.
From the above discussion, it’s factual that the growing of grapes is a procedural process that requires sufficient attention. With the above-discussed processes, it undoubtedly that you get to plan harvest quality grapes that everyone yearns for. Just follow the recommended ways and methods and your farming will be a success.