Begin with the seed. First, wash it, then suspend its broad end down and over a water -filed inch glass to cover the seed. Place the glass in a place that is warm away out of direct sunlight and replenish the water as needed. The roots and the stem will sprout within 2- 3 weeks. Wait until they have sprouted up to 6-7 inches long and then cut them back to 3 inches. When the roots are thick, and the stems have leaves, germinate them in a humus rich soil in a 10-1/2 diameter pot and leave the seed half exposed. Water frequently with an occasional deep soak.Make sure that the ground is not saturated. Place it in a place full of sufficient sunlight.If you notice that the seedling is turning yellow, then you could be over watering it. Let it dry for a few days before you commence again.the leaves can turn brown too.This is an implication that the soil is quite salty. Pour water into the ground and drain for several minutes. At 12 inches of your stem cut it back to 6 inches to allow the growth of new shoots.
Planting: Young tree
The young trees are best at a temperature of (60-85F) with little humidity. Once established, trees can tolerate up to around (32-28F) without ant damages.Keep away from the freezing temperatures.
Plant your tree between the month of March and June when the sun is not too hot, to prevent sunlight from damaging the seedlings.Young plants cannot take up water well also.Plant in a non-lawn area and not in the sidewalks. Germinate it in a place that is free from wind and frost. However, ensure that you germinate in an area that has sufficient sunlight.
Dig up a hole as the current root ball and slightly wider than the width to enable you to put the root in your hands for good planting. Thee seedlings of the avocado are shallowly rooted, and most of its feeder roots tend to be almost at the soil top. Give proper aeration and since the roots are quite sensitive, take precaution not to destroy the edges and clips of the roots that are going in circles while planting.
The plants enjoy a PH of 6-6.5.For the clay soil, elevate it in a mound for better soil drainage because clay soil has poor drainage. Your pile can be 1-2 feet high and 3-5 feet around.Do not put any other planting media in the hole like the gravel. When the roots get out into the soil bulk then the better the seedling will do.
Typically the plants need to be watered 2- 3 times per week. As the roots reach the soil bulk, more water is applied, and the frequency of water diminishes to around one time per week by the end of the year. When you are watering your tree, make sure the soil is soaked thoroughly and then allow it to dry out again before watering.Trees shouldn’t get too dry though.For mature trees, most of them require 20 gallons of water. Seedlings might need less of this. Before watering always check out whether the soil has properly dried.The soil from the roots can still hold an impression of the hand, then it has enough water, and there is no need to ad more.
Mulching and fertilizing
Mulch with the course yard and redwood bark or the cocoa bean husks. Choose something that is woody and that which is 2 inches in diameter. The coarse yard can be found from some of the garden supply centers or the trimming operations who have the materials that have been pruned from the tips and have no diseased roots.
Pour on the ground 20 pounds of gypsum and mulch the area well with about 6 inches of mulch. Keep the materials about 6-8 inches away from this mulch. Fertilize the young tree with 1/2 to 1 pound of nitrogen annually. Another essential element is zinc. Home fertilizers for houseplants should also be included.
Continue the process of taking care and tending your seedlings that are germinating regularly. In a few years time, you will have an attractive and low-maintenance tree. Your friends and family will be impressed because this plant is a delicacy in many homes. You will be proud that your guacamole recipe is from your own project.
It may take quite a while before they begin to bear fruits. This can make over five years. The process can take longer in places of poor sunlight and nutrients. When its fruits form you will have plenty of delicacy throughout the year. When ready to harvest they are entirely green and start losing their brightness. Some while have brown speckling when ripe. Before consumption, first, ripen them on a countertop for few days or weeks until soft and sweet. Squeeze gently with your hand to test whether are ready.
When growing, you need be very patient. It’s not going to grow suddenly, and it might look like something which has stuck a stick in the soil. Don’t pull it out. It’s the seed that is growing. It is also vital to comprehend that in some strains both the male and female flowers are present and therefore self-pollination occurs.In this case, it won’t be necessary to germinate two trees. In winter it is best to transfer the baby avocados into the potting soil and the medium flowerpots instead of directly into the ground.
The seeds are not allowed to be imported from the US or some regions because of several agricultural pests such as weevils and the seed moth. Be careful of where you purchase your seed. Overpruning of your seeds can stop or stunt the leaf growth. After the first pruning, trim only the end leaf-buds on the stem and on the branches.
Not changing and adding enough water can cause the sprouting avocados to form contaminants such as moulds, fungi and root rot. Always keep your water fresh and at recommended levels. When you first germinate them do not put any bone meal or any fertiliser at first.Wait for a year and then add well-rotted manures and organic matter. Fertilizers are strong especially when it comes to the young roots because they can burn and destroy them instead of doing them good.