How to Grow your Own Coffee Plant

It does not matter if it is, caffeine-fueled, waking up, or intoxicating aroma in the kitchen, diners, and cafes, coffee has remained to be the most popular drink throughout the United States. Majority of Americans begin there day by brewing a fresh cup of coffee, while going or at home.

Those who buy the ready-made coffee brands, it can be quite expensive over the time.  However, if you grind freshly grown coffee beans using a good quality coffee grinder from Baratza in UAE, you will stop buying store coffee ever again.Therefore, there is need to know how to grow your own coffee plant, at the comfort of your home.

Potted or seeds

The ways and mechanism on how to begin growing coffee at you depending on your decision. Just like how you can grow any other plant, you can begin with seeds. However, you can choose to buy a potted plant, which has already sprouted its leaves.

Nevertheless, if you do not have the patience to wait for the seed to germinate, you can consider using a plant that is already in a pot. Examples of these are Gurney coffee plant. It produces the fruits in 3 to 4 years. This is a hassle-free step and you can expect some coffee beans in a very short period.

Get started

It is very important that you make sure you replicate the natural environment in which coffee does well. Mist, filtered sunlight, and humidity are good in growing the coffee. Growing the plant indoors is very common in the country. Mostly, it is in a room that only allows 4 to 5 hours of the sunlight in a given day. You can as well consider you sing the artificial light since it is quite easier.

You will also be expected to provide 60 to 80 degrees at daytime and not below 45 degrees during the night. However, if your climatic condition is warm, you can choose to plant outside. Temperatures change will be a challenge because it can spoil your plant. Therefore, you should be very careful when choosing the site to grow your plant.

Many people prefer the indoor growing because it has a very good aroma and some health benefits. When you choose to grow your plant indoors, make sure it is in a place with ample space. You should always keep in mind that the plant grows up to 10 feet long. If pruning is required, you can do it either by cutting or pinching.

Caring for the plant

Once you have placed you plant in the right position, you will be required to maintain it well. Just like any other plant, coffee needs to be watered daily for good results. The soil should be moist at all times but well drained. Lack of watering the plant with enough water it can die, on the other hand too much of water can as well kill the plant.

Therefore, make sure you water only enough. You should also make sure there is sufficient fertilizer for the plant. This can be used twice a week form the month of March to October, once in a month right from November throughout to February. Nevertheless, you can still harvest some fruits without using the fertilizer, but your production will be quite less. You should consider using the fertilizer and water for better results. However, the Gurney fruit tree, food is highly recommended.

Picking fruit

You will realize some small green berries will start to appear. This normally takes place after 1 to 2 months of fertilization. Over the time, at 7 to 9 months the plant berries will start to turn red in their color. It is at this time you will proceed to pick them. In each berry, you will find two beans. It is important to note that not all fruits will change their color simultaneously. So be careful when picking.

Once you have picked your ripe fruits from the tree and removed all the beans, you can proceed to roast them and begin your day, with your own homemade coffee.

Conclusion

It is very important to seek guidance from your local agricultural experts. They will be able to advise you on the best seed to plant based on your environmental factors. You can also consult a friend who could have successfully planted before. Generally, make a good research and you shall have good results. Make sure to keep away the fertilizer in a locked shelf, to avoid the children from swallowing the particles.

How to grow mint in your garden

When people talk about versatile and multipurpose plants, mint always tops the list as it can be infused with all kind of goodies from smoothies, essential oils to beauty products and still be useful. What makes it even more loved is the fact that it is available in various varieties such as peppermint and spearmint and again it can be used as a powerful medicinal herb. Besides if it wasn’t for mint then the world would be a pretty horrible place thanks to the tons and tons of people who suffer from halitosis and turn to mint for rescue. In other words, there is nothing you can’t do with mint because you will still find it in your favorite cuisines. Most garden owners freak out at the thought of planting mint as it tends to spread very quickly while others buy it. But if it is your favorite why don’t you grow your own and enjoy the convenience of using mint fresh from the garden whenever you need it and in whichever amount you require. If you are wondering how it is grown, then don’t worry because the guide below will leave no stone unturned in the mint growing process such that by the time you finish reading, you will be off to your garden to plant it.

Get your mint

By now we assume you have it, but if not, then not to worry because this guide gives you the A to Z of mint and that includes even where to get it. Anyway enough of the meaningless banter, you can use either seeds or a cut a sprig from a pre-existing mint plant. However, it is more advisable that you get a sprig because growing your mint from scratch is quite hectic. Cut a four-inch sprig from an existing plant and then place it in a glass of water. It does not need a lot of leaves; in fact, you should remove any leaves that are below the water line. After about seven days you will notice white roots appearing, leave it for another week and then now follow the steps below.

Transplanting

As mentioned earlier, mint grows quite fast, and as much as you’d want to plant it directly on the soil, it is not advisable as it may take over your garden. That’s because it grows by underground root runners. Once the roots begin showing, transfer it to a container as this aids in preventing it from taking over your garden. It should be a 12 to 16 inch pot so that it may support its rapid growth. Also ensure that the container or barrel in which you’ve put it in contains no cracks or else you’ll find it in your lettuce, tomatoes, green beans or any other plants you have in your garden. Because mint requires well-drained soils, add a water-retaining polymer in the barrel to aid in that. This step is also known as potting.

Plant the container

Once you plant it in a bucket and put enough well-drained soil, now dig a hole and submerge the bucket in it until only about 2 inches of it is left above the ground. This will ensure that the roots won’t ramble all over your landscape causing you frustrations. If you are planting multiple mint containers, ensure that you leave a 5-inch gap between them so you can give room to each mint plant to grow. However, if it is for personal use, about two of them are enough because as shown earlier, mint boasts rapid growth and will grow back a few days after you cut it.

Water the mint adequately

One of mint’s growth conditions is that it requires well drained and moist soils. So even if you have a polymer in the container, ensure that you water it frequently especially in the first year, but do not overdo it because if it soaks, then it won’t grow well.

Harvesting

You can harvest it at any size you desire by pinching off stems. However, if you want a bumper harvest, for instance, if you are having a barbeque and planning to use it for flavoring or garnishing, wait until just before the bloom and cut the whole plant on the first or second set of leaves. This is the best time as it is full and has more intense flavor.

Pest and disease

Thanks to their strong scent, most mint plants are rarely attacked by pest and diseases. However, they are still vulnerable to white and black flies, snails, slugs and spiders thanks to their rugged leaf composition.

Conditions for growth

All mint plants prefer cool, moist spots with partial shade, but they will also thrive in full sun. As mentioned severally in the article, the plant requires moisture and well-drained soils too, so select a damp area in your garden with partial shade or full sun. Collect the soil here and add it to the pot and then transplant it. Even though it tolerates a light frost, it will die during winter because of the cold hence means it is more suited to warm areas. Nevertheless, that should not scare you because they roots are quite steady and it will begin growing back as soon as climatic conditions are right.

 

How to grow fresh cilantro in your garden

Cilantro commonly known as Chinese parsley is used in many dishes most especially Asian and Mexican dishes. We all love it in food because it boasts a unique flavor that is unmistakable to any other spice. Even though It is a favorite to many, but unlike other spices and herbs, cilantro is rarely planted outside. You will find that most homeowners often plant it indoors or prefer purchasing it from the grocery store. Nevertheless, if you are a gardener, then you know there’s nothing better than cooking with veggies and ingredients fresh off the soil. You get to enjoy all the nutrients, and you don’t have to worry about any chemicals because you grew it yourself. So if you’ve been having problems growing cilantro, then your lucky star is shimmering brightly because below is a step by step guide to help you learn how to grow fresh cilantro in your garden and become the envy of your friends and neighbors.

Climatic requirements

Before we take a deep dive into the growing and stuff, it is essential that you keep in mind that just like any other plant, cilantro is also affected by the weather. As a member of the carrot family, cilantro can grow under a diverse array of climatic conditions hence making it easy for you because you don’t have to be extra choosy with the weather. This plant adores bright light but not intense direct sunlight. Therefore during summer, it matures with forty to five days because the hot weather causes it to bolt quickly. The perfect temperature for cilantro is usually between 50 degrees and 85 degrees Farenhight. So, in a nutshell, the plant does well in warmer areas, but it can tolerate a light frost. Nevertheless, high temperature and light causes it to bolt and hastens flowering but, it reduces the development of foliage. So the secret ingredient to getting those beautiful green bushes of cilantro is planting in a spot where they are not too exposed to sunlight and heat.

Planting

Seed preparation

The planting process begins with you preparing the cilantro seeds. How you prepare them determines how good their germination will be. Fortunately, you do not need some farming expertise to prepare them. Cilantro seeds are known as coriander and are what most people confuse the plant with (so next time you hear coriander keep in mind it’s the seeds). They are two of them encased in a light brown hard round husk. For the best and also stress-free germination process crush the hull to remove the seeds then soak them in water overnight and place them in a fridge especially if temperatures are higher than 60 degrees Farenhight in the morning remove them and leave them to dry.

Step two: sowing

Now the actual planting happens during this step. Here you have the option to begin by sowing them indoors or outdoors but since your aim is to grow them in your garden, it is advisable you start outdoors directly to avoid the hassle of having to transplant them later. Sow them in a wet spot of your garden and cover them with about a quarter inch of soil. Cilantro does better in well-drained and moist grounds, and the main aim is to maximize foliage so plant the seeds in a crowded part of the garden to prevent it from bolting due to the warmth and intense light. It will do you no good if you invest your time and money growing cilantro and then end up with a bunch of cilantro stems, so it’s advisable that you follow the advice we’ve just offered. One plant will yield tow cuttings before maturity so to encourage greener, fuller and bushy cilantro plants ensure that you do your best to maximize the foliage. Another way to do so is by pinching back young cilantro plants so you can encourage bushier cilantro plants. Also cut off the parts which seem to be developing flower buds if you are not yet satisfied with the foliage because once it produces seed, the plant quickly degrades. Once you get the desired outcome, you can now harvest, but if your aim is to get the coriander, then you should let your cilantro seed again and then reap. For a better harvest, sow continuously, like every week ensure you repeat the two steps with new coriander seeds so you can get a bumper harvest at the end of it all.

Pest and diseases

Similar to other plants, cilantro is also susceptible to bacteria, pest, and infections. Fortunately, unlike with others, you have to worry about a few because it’s strong scent tends to repel most insects and pests so you won’t spend much on pesticides. One of the most common problems is leaf spotting often caused by a bacteria known as Pseudomonas syringae. It often begins with small yellow spots which gradually turn into brown larger spots. The culprits are often poor air circulation and excess moisture which you can prevent by leaving a 15 inches gap between it and other plants in your garden and planting the seeds in well-drained soils and avoid over watering. If you notice the problem begin using neem oil as it prevents it from spreading. Another common problem is powdery mildew which just as the name suggests, looks like a white powder coating on cilantro foliage most especially during summer. Again to avoid this ensure enough space between it and other plants and also ensure adequate moisture.

Harvesting

As mentioned earlier, it takes 40 to 45 days to germinate fully. So you are free to harvest from the 45th day by cutting the leaves/foliage once they are 4 to 6 inches long. Or you can reduce the whole plant up to about 2 inches above the ground and leave the roots intact. Since it is for home use, you are free to harvest and enjoy the sweet flavor it creates in food.

Final thoughts

As you can see, growing cilantro in your garden does not require you to be some biological guru. To make it even better, it is not costly because it can develop perfectly without needing any fertilizers or chemicals to keep pest and diseases. It protects itself with its strong scent and proliferates such that in about three months, it is ready for harvesting. For continuous supply ensure you sow continuously, let’s say once every week so that when you harvest a particular portion, you will still be expecting more.

How to grow fresh basil in your garden

Basil plant is one of the most popular herbs that anyone can grow. It does not require complex ideas and methodologies to bring it to fruition. Basil, a member of mint family, is identified by its aromatic leaves, which possess a variety of flavors. It is a common ingredient among the Italian meals. The leaf colors range from rich green to deep purple. The leaves are smooth and crinkled. All types of basil will easily grow in warm and sunny weather. The following tips should be applied by any basil farmer.

Lighting

Basil do well in a location with plenty of sunlight. Most Basil does well within a range of 4-5 hours of direct sunshine per day. If you are doing the indoor way, a window on the west, south or east should be fine. If your basils are getting long. Lack of sufficient lighting causes the basils to be long, thin, and spindly. To encourage bushier growth, you can pinch the top backs of the plant. Do a regular turning of your plants to all the direction for them to get sufficient sunlight. Artificial sources of light will also encourage the growth of basils, as they require bright light.

Fertilizing

The nutrients inside the container become exhausted as basil grows. However, your basil needs to keep on growing. Therefore, you will be tasked with continuing to supply the nutrients to the basil. You may use worm casting tea or fresh worm castings, placed at the base of the plant.

Pest control

Pests destroy the plants thus reducing productivity. They need to be totally eliminated with the best means available. Worm castings can also be used to prevent pests. They make the basil plant more resistant to pests. You may also use an organocide for the same pest prevention purpose.

Humidity

Keep your basils in the right humidity. You can do this by placing some pebbles inside the saucer and filling it with water. You can actually place the bottom part of the jar holding the basil inside the water. Accompanied by the high kitchen temperatures; the right humid environment is created.

Choose the desired planting material

Two options exist on the planting material you may use as seeds; seeds and plants. For the former, you may have to scatter the seeds over the location you have selected. Light covering is recommended after the scattering. Water the seedbed thoroughly. Once the seedlings are up, thin the seedlings leaving a spacing of 6 inches apart.

If you decide to use the basil plants, dig holes large enough to harbor the plants. Tease out the root ball into the ground. Cover the plant ensuring that the plant is well secured. Water the plant afterward.

Check Temperatures

Basil plant is very sensitive to cold conditions. The light frost will kill the plant. Therefore, when growing it in an outdoor setting, be keen to check on the environmental temperatures. Avoid planting the plant until you are pretty sure that the frost has passed.

Transfer from indoor to outdoor

It is possible to transfer your indoor basil to the outside environment. Before you carry out this activity, ensure that you harden off the basil before its transfer. You can do this by placing the container harboring the plant in a partially sunny location, while gradually increasing the sunlight with each day. Use sterilized tools and equipment to carry out the transfer in order to avoid transferring the diseases to the plant.

Harvesting

Basil is ready to start harvesting as soon as it is mature. The maturity period ranges from 60-90 days. The best idea to carry out harvesting is through pinching off the leaves. The buds left will tend to produce more of the fresh leaves in the coming sprouts. An alternative does exist whereby you can pinch off the entire plant top in case you need a bulk amount in your first harvest.

The bottom line

To prevent your basil from blooming, you might want to pinch off the top sets of leaves the soonest the plant reaches a six centimeters height. When the plant sets flowers, it is almost seeding. At this stage, the plant will not grow bushy. When the plant begins to seed, the existing leaves lessen the flavor. At this time, you are advised to cut it and use the plant’s leaves. The flowers are edible as well. Overall, the harvesting process is the best part of growing basil as you tend to have basil at your fingertips!

 

How to grow your own lemons home

When you drink a lemon juice or eat the fruit next time spare a couple of the seeds to cultivate back at home, even in the colder months, that way you will have the this plant in your backyard at home. The trees look unusual in appearance, from their dull green leaves to snow-white blossoms, and they show a lovely, soothing scent.

Growing this fruit is simple but it takes a couple of years for it to mature and start producing seeds.This process is since anybody can do it as long as you have a warm and bright windowsill that favors it to germinate and then growth. The trees will take quite some time before they produce the first fruit, however, in the long run, you will enjoy the returns.This plant is known to do better in many places except where there is ice.

Citrus trees have many advantages :

  • The trees present a brilliant perfume with white flowers; with shiny, green leaves and a beautiful colored fruit– green, yellow and orange.
  • Fruit hangs on this plant in excellent condition until they ripen and they can continue holding on which as acts as a long-term natural storage.
  • The products of this plant are rich in vitamin C that is important in boosting one’s health including protection from colds and influenza

Here’s the procedure by which you can plant them at your home:

To get you started in planting these trees, you will need the following;

  • Natural lemon, s,since non-natural lemons frequently contain non-sprouting seeds
  • Fertile gardening soil, and normal manures like fertilizer
  • A seedling pot that is around 24 inches wide by 12 inches in depth.
  • A planting pot that is six inches wide and six inches in depth (this has proved to be useful further down the track)
  • A sunny, indoor planting location.

Step by step directions on planting it at home:

  1. Moisten the gardening soil to that it becomes damp, but ensure that you don’t add a lot of water, throughout the process.
  2. Fill that small pot with soil, ensure that the landfills up slightly below the rim of the bowl.
  3. Cut open your fruit and pluck out a seed. Remove the flesh part of the fruit. The prudent way do this is to suck on It until the point that the capsule is clean.
  4. Do not take time before you plant the seed. The contents should be in a wet state when they are covered into the soil in the little already dirt filled pot. Plant the about half way deep down the small bowl.
  5. Spray that topsoil specifically over the capsule tenderly with water from a shower bottle.
  6. Cover the little pot with a bright piece of plastic wrap, tie the edges with a sharp elastic band, and then make small holes on the plastic wrap with a pencil.
  7. Position the pot well in a place that is warm and sunny.
  8. Be spraying the soil more frequent, which will ensure the ground does not dry out. Avoid pouring a lot of water. Merely keep the earth to some degree wetness.
  9. After around two weeks, when the seedlings sprouts, remove plastic covering since it might limit germination If you require extra light for your plant, you will need a some light in supplementing the sunlight.
  10. Take care of the sprouting plant, keeping damp the soil, by ensuring the seedling gets not less than eight hours of light every day.Also,remember to add light quantity of natural manure like fertilizer.
  11. Watch over your germinates to make sure they infested with bugs or infections. Prune off dark colored, dead leaves carefully. Administer pesticides if you should secure your germinate!
  12. When the germinates exceeds the little pots, place them in the bigger bowl. You will repeat a much similar strategy when you re-plant it, the same way when you initially planted in the small pot. More young plants require more water than the old ones, but they all need sufficient water. Try not to starve the poor plant after all the your determination.

At this point, the plant should be transferred more significant pot to ensure that there is sufficient room for growth. Afterward,continue to take good care of the germinate until maturity.Although this process might take long you will eventually enjoy your labor.The kind of experience gained from this process might prompt you to start planting them in large scale

How to grow your own carrots home

Carrots are a rich source of vitamin A. it is a source of calcium and other trace elements. It also provides the digestive system with the considerable amount of fiber. Main crop variety takes up to three months to mature. Growing of carrots, whether at home or the field, is not a rigorous activity. Growing carrots can be daunting since you cannot tell with precision what is going on until the harvesting period. It may prove more challenging especially if you are a newbie in the sector. If you are a beginner, fret not. The following steps will help you grow your carrots at home.

Choose on your best variety to grow

The first thing you do is researching on the type of carrots assortment you may wish to grow in your home backyard. A favored assortment while growing them at home include the radish formed, smaller than usual Chantenary. This selection is based on the fact that these carrots have a considerable length of the taproot.

Soil conditions

Carrots are the easiest vegetables to grow in a climate that is cool. Get the soil conditions right before you decide to entrust the soil with your carrots seeds. This is an important factor in the plant’s growth. Incorrect soil condition misshapen the carrots. Carrots require very fine soil, loose and well drained. Rocks and clumps make them split and deform in the course of growth. Grow the carrots in a raised seedbed. Carrots perform poorly in acidic soils. A soil PH of around neutrality is recommended.

Sowing the seeds

Direct seeding is preferred as opposed to transplanting. Sow the carrots as close as possible, in the fine soil condition. Sow them in light soil. Avoid sowing the carrots seeds in a recently manure added soil. Keep the carrot seedbed weed-free a few weeks after sowing. Carrot seed may take up to 15 days to germinate. Maintain the moist condition of the soil until the seedlings appear. Do not go overboard with nitrogenous fertilizers since these are root crops. Keep in mind that carrots are inferior competitors for nutrients. Therefore, do a keep the bed as weed-free as possible.

Growing carrots in the containers

The well-drained loose soil is maintained even when the carrots are grown in containers. If grown in compacted soils inside the container, the carrots may fork and deform. Growing carrots in container reduce the rate of forking as opposed to doing it in the field. The shorter varieties are the ideal variety for containers.

Avoiding root fly

One of the trickiest parts of the growth of carrots is how to manage the root fly. It is attracted to the carrots by the scent of the foliage. It is one of the most annoying pests with persistence capabilities. They burrow the flesh of the carrots leaving behind the unattractive look. They make tunnels on the carrots predisposing the carrots to conditions of fast to rot. One of the means to avoid it is by planting sowing a bit late to avoid the first generation of the fly.

Routine management practices

After seeding the carrots, ensure you water the bed with plenty of water. Use the available organic (leaves) or inorganic materials to mulch the seeds this criterion helps to conserve the soil moisture. The soil temperature is also kept at a required level.

Covering the crops with a bio-net or ‘enviromesh’ cover, specially designed to curb carrot fly is necessary. Keep thinning to a minimum.

Make sure you keep you field pest free. Prevent pests like rust fly by spraying the field with recommended insecticide. One means of foiling pest is by rotating your field each year with crops from the different family. You can also decide to grow the carrots under row covers.

Harvesting

The question of when to harvest carrots depends on the variety you are growing. The average period when the carrots are ready for harvesting is between 50-80 days from seeding period. Harvesting is done by twisting and pulling or digging. Once you have harvested, remove the leaves. If left to continue staying intact to the carrots, the leaves continue taking in some moisture and energy from the roots. This leaves the roots with limp, causing a loss in taste for your carrots.

How to grow your own Avocados at home

Planting: Houseplant

Begin with the seed. First, wash it, then suspend its broad end down and over a water -filed inch glass to cover the seed. Place the glass in a place that is warm away out of direct sunlight and replenish the water as needed. The roots and the stem will sprout within 2- 3 weeks. Wait until they have sprouted up to 6-7 inches long and then cut them back to 3 inches. When the roots are thick, and the stems have leaves, germinate them in a humus rich soil in a 10-1/2 diameter pot and leave the seed half exposed. Water frequently with an occasional deep soak.Make sure that the ground is not saturated. Place it in a place full of sufficient sunlight.If you notice that the seedling is turning yellow, then you could be over watering it. Let it dry for a few days before you commence again.the leaves can turn brown too.This is an implication that the soil is quite salty. Pour water into the ground and drain for several minutes. At 12 inches of your stem cut it back to 6 inches to allow the growth of new shoots.

Planting: Young tree

The young trees are best at a temperature of (60-85F) with little humidity. Once established, trees can tolerate up to around (32-28F) without ant damages.Keep away from the freezing temperatures.

Plant your tree between the month of March and June when the sun is not too hot, to prevent sunlight from damaging the seedlings.Young plants cannot take up water well also.Plant in a non-lawn area and not in the sidewalks. Germinate it in a place that is free from wind and frost. However, ensure that you germinate in an area that has sufficient sunlight.

Dig up a hole as the current root ball and slightly wider than the width to enable you to put the root in your hands for good planting. Thee seedlings of the avocado are shallowly rooted, and most of its feeder roots tend to be almost at the soil top. Give proper aeration and since the roots are quite sensitive, take precaution not to destroy the edges and clips of the roots that are going in circles while planting.

Soil

The plants enjoy a PH of 6-6.5.For the clay soil, elevate it in a mound for better soil drainage because clay soil has poor drainage. Your pile can be 1-2 feet high and 3-5 feet around.Do not put any other planting media in the hole like the gravel. When the roots get out into the soil bulk then the better the seedling will do.

Watering

Typically the plants need to be watered 2- 3 times per week. As the roots reach the soil bulk, more water is applied, and the frequency of water diminishes to around one time per week by the end of the year. When you are watering your tree, make sure the soil is soaked thoroughly and then allow it to dry out again before watering.Trees shouldn’t get too dry though.For mature trees, most of them require 20 gallons of water. Seedlings might need less of this. Before watering always check out whether the soil has properly dried.The soil from the roots can still hold an impression of the hand, then it has enough water, and there is no need to ad more.

 

Mulching and fertilizing

Mulch with the course yard and redwood bark or the cocoa bean husks. Choose something that is woody and that which is 2 inches in diameter. The coarse yard can be found from some of the garden supply centers or the trimming operations who have the materials that have been pruned from the tips and have no diseased roots.

Pour on the ground 20 pounds of gypsum and mulch the area well with about 6 inches of mulch. Keep the materials about 6-8 inches away from this mulch. Fertilize the young tree with 1/2 to 1 pound of nitrogen annually. Another essential element is zinc. Home fertilizers for houseplants should also be included.

 

Maintenance

Continue the process of taking care and tending your seedlings that are germinating regularly. In a few years time, you will have an attractive and low-maintenance tree. Your friends and family will be impressed because this plant is a delicacy in many homes. You will be proud that your guacamole recipe is from your own project.

Harvesting fruits

It may take quite a while before they begin to bear fruits. This can make over five years. The process can take longer in places of poor sunlight and nutrients. When its fruits form you will have plenty of delicacy throughout the year. When ready to harvest they are entirely green and start losing their brightness. Some while have brown speckling when ripe. Before consumption, first, ripen them on a countertop for few days or weeks until soft and sweet. Squeeze gently with your hand to test whether are ready.

 

Conclusion

When growing, you need be very patient. It’s not going to grow suddenly, and it might look like something which has stuck a stick in the soil. Don’t pull it out. It’s the seed that is growing. It is also vital to comprehend that in some strains both the male and female flowers are present and therefore self-pollination occurs.In this case, it won’t be necessary to germinate two trees. In winter it is best to transfer the baby avocados into the potting soil and the medium flowerpots instead of directly into the ground.

The seeds are not allowed to be imported from the US or some regions because of several agricultural pests such as weevils and the seed moth. Be careful of where you purchase your seed. Overpruning of your seeds can stop or stunt the leaf growth. After the first pruning, trim only the end leaf-buds on the stem and on the branches.

Not changing and adding enough water can cause the sprouting avocados to form contaminants such as moulds, fungi and root rot. Always keep your water fresh and at recommended levels. When you first germinate them do not put any bone meal or any fertiliser at first.Wait for a year and then add well-rotted manures and organic matter. Fertilizers are strong especially when it comes to the young roots because they can burn and destroy them instead of doing them good.

 

How grapes are grown

When talking about grapes, they are actually some of the most popular multi-purpose fruit used for jams, baked food, eating fresh off the vine and even making wine. Additionally, if pruned carefully they occupy very little space. Grapes can be trained over arches or on the trellis, up walls and any other form of support. Research indicates that grapevines have the ability to grow in any good garden provided there are good soil and importantly sufficient sunlight. Vines need relatively deep and free-draining soil and significantly plenty of sunlight for ripening. In other places such as the northern regions where indoor cultivation of grapes is practiced, a better and more reliable crop is produced. In the following discussion, we are going to look at how to grow grapes.

Preparing the planting of grape vines

a). Choose the grape type
Like any other plant, different grapes do better in some places than the others. Importantly, there are normally three basic types of grapes: the Muscadine, American and European grapes. Different grapes have different appearances and flavors and grow well in some places than others. For example, the Muscadine grapes do well in the southern parts of the United States, European grapes grow well in the northern parts of US while American grapes do well in sunny places like California. Having said that, it’s crystal-clear that the type of grape you are growing greatly depends on the species you have. Select the most suitable plant that loos strong and healthy and importantly it should be about one year old.

b). Prepare the suitable grapevine cuttings
In any way you want to plant grape vines a friend or other person who has grown, appropriate grapevine cutting is one significant element to consider. It’s always a recommendation to use your individual cutting. The cutting should about three nodes long and importantly it ought to be done directly from the vine or sections of brush that had been pruned off in the recent past. Crucially, ensure that the bottom of the cutting is done at an angle. It should be about 45 degrees and a quarter to one inch above the node.

c). Select appropriate location
When talking about existence, grapevine is long term plants that can live up 50 or even 100 years. Therefore, it’s always important to choose a suitable permanent place where the plant can dwell in all those years and importantly provide room future grapevines. Grapevines are known to do well in hilly and sloppy areas where they can access plenty of sunlight and a good drainage system. It’s always a recommendation that you plant your grapes in a south-facing hill where large plants and other trees do not exist.

d). Prepare the soils
Grapevines are very picky when it comes to the type of soil where you want to grow them. Good soil means quality and good grapes and vice versa. Always use soil that is sandy or rocky, soils with a PH above and importantly has an excellent drainage. Avoid water-logged soil since it’s not conducive to growing healthy grapes. If possible avoid heavily fertilized soil.

e) .Prepare trellis for your grapevines
As the name suggests, grapevines are basically vines that grow sideways, upwards of any direction along a support structure. If in any way you are planting your grapes on an open area, then buying the trellis for them is one major thing to consider. A trellis is basically a wooden structural component with intertwined boards which enable the vines to wrap around them providing sturdy and enough support.

Planting your grapevines

I). Plant the grapevines
As earlier mentioned, there are usually different species of grapes. With regard to the species, you have grown grapes will always be different from each other. For example when planting the European and American grapes ensure they are 1.8- 3.0m (6-10 feet) apart. On the other hand, Muscadine requires that they be about 4.9m apart when grown. Additionally, Muscadine requires relatively more space than the other species. When planting ensure you firmly press the soil around the planted grapevine cutting.

II). Provide your plants with good water
Water plays a very significant role when it comes to the growing of grapes. Research indicates that grapevines do not prefer heavy rain or water. Therefore, it’s always important to ensure that when watering keep the water as minimum as possible. Furthermore, make sure you keep water near the roots so that much of it can be absorbed. If your farming area doesn’t receive sufficient rain, establish a drip system the roots of the grape fines so that they can receive small amounts of water on a regular basis.

III). Prune your grapes
On the first year of growing, grapevines should not be allowed to produce fully matured fruits. This is basically because they can destroy the young growing vines with their heavyweight. Therefore, cut all the vines as well as fruits except for the strong lines which branch of the cane. For the coming years, ensure you carry out the required pruning as by the recommended local practice.

IV). Apply the required pest control
Some of the major pest control practices that you can employ on your grapes include: covering your grapes to keep off the birds, frequently practice hand-weeding to eliminate all the growing weeds and important seek information from your local gardening club on how to prevent Vine Moth.

V). Harvest your Grapes when the right time comes
Grapes normally take pretty long years before you can start harvesting. Do not expect to harvest anywhere from 1 to 3 years after planting. One major way of knowing it’s ready for harvesting is hand-picking and tasting it. If the grapes have a sweet taste then they are ready for harvesting, get ready for harvesting and selling or eating.

Conclusion
From the above discussion, it’s factual that the growing of grapes is a procedural process that requires sufficient attention. With the above-discussed processes, it undoubtedly that you get to plan harvest quality grapes that everyone yearns for. Just follow the recommended ways and methods and your farming will be a success.

How to grow your tomato plant

If you love biting into sweet yet tangy and firm yet juicy tomato, then chances are that you’ve mauled over the thought of having your tomato garden more times than you can recall. However, tomatoes may sound easy to grow until you are faced with long lists of various tomato seeds and flavors, names like Missouri pink love, husky cherry, Roma, Aunt Ruby’s tomato will get you confused and to make matters worse, tomatoes are also quite prone to many growth problems. Thinking of such challenges might cause you to bury your dream of having beautiful and ripened tomatoes fresh from your garden on your kitchen counter. Fortunately, we don’t want to see you give up on them and that is why below is a guide on how to grow your tomato plant.

Choose the right seed

We understand that there are myriads of them and choosing the right one can be quite an uphill task. To ease that burden, make a selection depending on the type of tomatoes you want as they are categorized into slicers which are mainly meant for paste or sauce making or cherry ones which are suitable for both snacking and make the best sandwiches and salads. Also, consider their resistance to pests and diseases to prevent all your efforts and dream tomato garden from going down the drain. Lastly, choose between a determinate or indeterminate tomato plant and then go on and make your selection from the nearest farm supplies retailer. You can also consult your seller for advice based on the tips we’ve given for a better choice. Additionally, you can opt for tomato plant transplants instead of seeds, but you still have to consider the criteria we’ve provided.

Choose the right spot

Similar to any other plant, a tomato plant has its conditions for growth and as such the spot you choose should cater for these. If you are planting seeds, then the most prudent way is by growing your seeds in containers and keeping them inside for an average of about 6 to 8 weeks. But you can also plant them outside, and the same case applies to transplants. However, planting the seeds inside and on a soilless medium is the best medium as the seeds are still vulnerable and hence more prone to harmful bacteria. Additionally, garden soil is also not advisable as it drains poorly in a container.

Tomatoes require about six to eight hours of exposure to the sun, and as such, you need to plant them in a spot where they will get access to the full sun. In respect to that, planting them against your fence will provide them with the right exposure. Ensuring that your tomato plants get the required amount of sunlight helps them bring out their best flavor. Also, ensure that there is sufficient space between each tomato plant so it has enough room to grow and also because they have weak stems and will quickly start bending towards the direction of the sun also make sure that you have a support system by staking.

Soil

As mentioned earlier, tomato plants are highly prone to problems, and even the slightest attack from pests and harmful micro-organisms will ruin your beautiful garden. So besides considering the spot where they get exposure to sunlight you also have to think about the type of soil in that position. To ensure that it is safe, till the place you are planning to grow your tomato plant on up to about one foot and the mix your manure or fertilizer with the soil two weeks before. The best compost is one which has poultry manure pellets or seaweed as these contain a high amount of mycorrhizal fungi which is beneficial to the plant. You can also create raised beds if you still aren’t sure about the quality of the soil.

Care

Even if you plant in the best spot possible and with the right soil, your efforts will go to waste if you don’t take care of your tomato plant. So below are some of the tips to help you care for your tomato plant.

  • Once you are done with the planting part, ensure you water generously and frequently for the first few days. Then increase the amount of water to at least twelve liters on a weekly basis and water directly not on the tomato plant
  • Fertilize or use manure two weeks before you pick and then keep the soil healthy by fertilizing again after two weeks
  • Pinch off the suckers to prune your tomato plants if you are staking
  • Also, ensure you practice healthy farming habits such as crop rotation to prevent diseases. That is If you have any other plants in your garden or farm
  • Leave your tomato fruit on the plant as long as possible and only harvest when they are firm and ripe irrelevant of the size.

Conclusion

Now that you’ve done your part you leave the rest to the weather because the success of most vegetables is often at the mercy of the weather conditions. However, ensure you follow these tips to be on the safe side of tomato plant growing.

 

Why grow your own food?

In the world today, it is very difficult to trust the food we buy from the market. Store bought food is filled with preservatives and chemicals that may be harmful for us. In this case we should consider growing our own fruits and vegetables.

The video tells us why we should consider growing our own food rather than buying it.